How Many Diyas To Light Daily At Home

How Many Diyas To Light Daily At Home

How Many Diyas to Light Daily at Home: Unraveling the Significance and Rituals

The practice of lighting diyas, earthen lamps, holds immense spiritual and cultural significance in Hindu households. These flickering flames symbolize purity, prosperity, and the triumph of good over evil. Traditionally, diyas are lit to invoke divine blessings, dispel negativity, and create a serene atmosphere. While the number of diyas to light daily varies based on individual preferences, beliefs, and astrological considerations, certain guidelines and customs prevail.

Ideal Number of Diyas to Light Daily

  • Single Diya: Represents unity, focus, and the removal of obstacles.
  • Two Diyas: Symbolizes harmony, balance, and the union of opposites.
  • Three Diyas: Embodies the divine trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, representing creation, preservation, and destruction.
  • Four Diyas: Associated with the four directions (north, south, east, west) and the four elements (earth, water, fire, air), bringing stability and abundance.
  • Five Diyas: Signifies the Pancha Devatas (Sun, Moon, Mars, Jupiter, Venus) and invokes their blessings and protection.

Special Days and Occasions

On specific days and during religious festivals, the number of diyas lit may increase. For instance:

  • Deepavali (Diwali): Known as the "Festival of Lights," homes are adorned with numerous diyas to celebrate the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.
  • Lakshmi Puja: Diyas are lit in multiples of nine (9, 18, 27, etc.) to invoke the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity.
  • Navratri: Nine diyas are lit daily during this nine-day festival, symbolizing the nine forms of Goddess Durga, the embodiment of strength and victory.

Placement and Rituals

Diyas should be placed in auspicious locations within the home, such as the entrance, prayer room, or windowsills. They are typically filled with sesame or mustard oil and lit using a cotton wick. The act of lighting a diya is often accompanied by prayers, mantras, or devotional songs.

Additional Information:

Number of DiyasSignificance
1Purity, unity, dispelling obstacles
2Harmony, balance, union of opposites
3Divine trinity, creation, preservation, destruction
4Stability, abundance, four directions
5Protection, blessings of Pancha Devatas
9Goddess Durga, victory, strength
13Lord Shiva, transformation, auspiciousness
15Lord Hanuman, courage, protection
27Goddess Lakshmi, wealth, prosperity
33Lord Ganesha, wisdom, remover of obstacles

Interesting Trivia

  • The word "diya" is derived from the Sanskrit term "deepa," meaning "light" or "flame."
  • In ancient India, diyas were used as the primary source of illumination in homes and temples.
  • Clay diyas are considered the most auspicious as they are made from natural elements and symbolize earthiness.
  • The shape of a diya represents the human body, with the base as the feet, the middle as the stomach, and the top as the head.
  • In some traditions, the number of diyas lit is determined by the number of family members or the age of the oldest person in the household.


Q1: Why do we light diyas daily?
A1: Diyas are lit to invoke divine blessings, dispel negativity, create a serene atmosphere, and bring prosperity.

Q2: Is it mandatory to light diyas daily?
A2: While it is not mandatory, lighting diyas daily is considered beneficial and contributes to a positive home environment.

Q3: What kind of oil should I use in a diya?
A3: Traditionally, sesame or mustard oil is used, but any vegetable oil can be substituted.

Q4: Can I relight a diya that has been extinguished?
A4: Yes, it is acceptable to relight a diya.

Q5: What is the significance of lighting diyas on Deepavali?
A5: Deepavali, known as the "Festival of Lights," symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Homes are adorned with numerous diyas to represent this triumph.

Q6: Is it important to use a specific number of diyas?
A6: While using a specific number of diyas is not essential, certain numbers are considered auspicious and hold symbolic meanings.

Q7: What should I do with the diya after it has burned out?
A7: The diya can be disposed of carefully in a trash receptacle or in a sacred body of water like a river or pond.

Q8: Can I use a metal diya instead of a clay diya?
A8: Yes, metal diyas can also be used, but clay diyas are preferred for their auspiciousness and natural composition.

Q9: What if I don’t have the time to light diyas every day?
A9: Even lighting a single diya or a few minutes of devotional time can be beneficial and uplifting.

Q10: Are there any safety precautions to consider when lighting diyas?
A10: Keep diyas away from flammable materials, avoid unattended flames, and ensure proper ventilation to prevent smoke buildup.

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